Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment

How is Diabetic Retinopathy Treated ?

During the first three stages of diabetic retinopathy no treatment is needed, unless there is evidence of macular edema. These patients should maintain control of blood sugars and blood pressure. Diabetic exams are recommended at least once a year for early detection and prevention of worsening retinopathy.

When macular edema is detected a Focal Laser can be used to reduce the fluid in the retina by burning small spots around the macula where leaking blood vessels are located. This laser can be completed in one visit.

During the later stages of diabetic retinopathy laser surgery is necessary for treatment. This laser is used to shrink unhealthy, leaky blood vessels. Laser treatments may take a few visits to complete due to the high volume of laser spots necessary.

If bleeding is severe a surgical operation may be required. This surgery is called vitrectomy. During a vitrectomy the surgeon removes the blood from the inside of the eye.

You can learn more about Diabetic Retinopathy Treatment at the link below.

NIH Diabetic Retinopathy Information

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