Macular Degeneration

What is Macular Degeneration ?
Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) traditionally affects individuals over the age of 55. ARMD is a retinal disease that causes deterioration of the macula, which is responsible for central vision. Your retina is made of cells that line the back of your eye. The light falling onto these cells is transformed into electrical signals which are transmitted to the brain.
There are two types of age-related macular degeneration, a “wet” type and a “dry” type. The dry type has a better prognosis and progresses more slowly. The wet type has abnormal blood vessels that grow, causing leakage, bleeding or scarring. This can cause vision loss and distortion.
 
Risk Factors for Macular Degeneration:
  • Family History
  • Smoking
  • Age
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Sun Exposure
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration:
  • Wavy Lines on Amsler Grid
  • Distorted Vision
  • Dark or Shaded Areas in Vision
  • Difficulty Recognizing Faces
  • Difficulty Reading in Low Lighting Conditions

See the Treatmets page to find out more about treatments for Macular Degeneration.

Normal Vision

    Vision with Advanced Macular Degeneration

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